Back to Land Reform
22 May 2003
NFUS Access Meeting Perth 20th May 2003
The impression and thoughts of one person who attended
Cultybraggan Farm, Comrie, Perthshire
Teviot Scientific Consultancy, Edinburgh
(Filed 22 May 2003)
© Teviot Scientific Consultancy
This article consists of the comments of an individual, and
should not be regarded as being in anyway sanctioned by any organisation.
The article makes reference to many of the points raised at the
meeting which was convened to discuss what scope for further negotiation
remained regarding the draft Scottish Outdoor Access Code (SOAC,
Any criticisms of the SNH Access Forum or of the members of that
forum are the authors, and were not part of the Perth meeting.
Its purpose is to stimulate readers of the Land-Care website
to think about the very important issue of Access to the Countryside
next to urban settlements in Scotland. The Land Reform (Scotland)
Act (2) can only come into force after the Access
Code has been agreed by the Scottish Parliament. It is important
to argue for any changes in the draft code before it gets to the
Parliament. You have only got to the 30th June to do that.
Remember the new Scottish Parliament is essentially the same
as the last one, although the coalition has a smaller majority
(3). It was the previous Scottish Parliament
who steam-rollered the bill through with all its obvious faults.
They were in the business of bad law-making based on dogmatic
idealistic aspirations, rather than commonsense. The reinstated
Minister for SEERAD proclaimed that he was pleased with it, which
must be a cause for concern as to whether or not any significant
modifications will be adopted before the SOAC is finalised. But
it is important that the effort be made.
On the evening of Tuesday 20th May the NFU Scotland
(NFUS) held a meeting at the Dewar Centre, Perth to give its members
an opportunity to discuss the draft Scottish Outdoor Access Code
(SOAC). The period for consultation closes on 30th June.
Craig Campbell, senior policy advisor for NFUS,
addressed the gathering, outlining the current position of the Union.
This was followed by an address by Richard Davison, Scottish Natural
Heritage and secretary to the SNH Access Forum. Thereafter, the
meeting was open to discussion from the floor.
The position of the NFUS was certainly more clearly
stated than hitherto (4). The executive of the
Union now appears to have taken on board the major anxieties among
farmers, especially those around urban settlements, in relation
to the SOAC in its present form. While the NFUS may have been making
the same points during the negotiations leading up to the publication
of the draft SOAC, these points had not found their way into the
SOAC document nor into the perceptions of many NFUS members. This
meeting, therefore, was a good opportunity for the NFUS to make
its present position clear. This it did.
It was good to hear Craig Campbell clearly state
that it is indeed farms next to urban settlements that are worst
affected by the contents of the draft Code, be they livestock or
cereal farmers or a mixture of both. He referred to operational,
biosecurity, animal welfare, health and safety and conservation
problems, as well as making it clear that in the view of the NFUS
all paths for public access going through farmsteads should be diverted.
This would include those paths that are presently rights of way.
He also stated that the process whereby the draft SOAC had been
created had been flawed. Although he did not give any
specific details as to the flaw, there can be little
doubt that he was referring to the fact that the NFUS had felt compelled
to walk out of the Access Forum because the concerns expressed by
the NFUS representatives were being ignored and not transmitted
up the line by the Forum.
At this point it is as well to recall (although
not discussed at the meeting) that the recommendations of the Access
Forum were described by the Forum itself as being a consensus. That
of course was a meaningless deceit as the majority of members on
the Access Forum represented access takers (with everything to gain
and nothing to lose), while the farmers are of course the access
providers with plenty to lose in terms of being able to operate
their legitimate businesses properly. In other words the Access
Forum failed in giving their recommendations to report the major
concerns expressed by the access providers, even as a minority view.
In his address Richard Davison emphasised that
Part 1 of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act had been passed and that
there was nothing that could now be done about it. While the meeting
did in fact concentrate on what leeway was left for negotiation
within the scope of the draft SOAC and Part 1 of the Act, it is
to be remembered that it was SNH through its Access Forum that gave
the advice to the Scottish Parliament that lead to the Act. There
can be no doubt whatsoever that such advice was seriously flawed
in terms of access to the countryside. It was not based on rationale
but on a perceived political agenda. The role of SNH is to give
advice based on a competent rational assessment of the situation
- not to ignore legitimate concerns because they do not seem to
fit with the political agenda of their masters. Otherwise there
is no point in having an SNH. There is now an alarming accumulation
of evidence that SNH is not a competent body in terms of either
science or land management (5, 6,
7, 8). Their central role in the
creation of bad Scottish law is the most serious evidence of that
But to return to the meeting in Perth, the purpose
of the meeting was to discuss what could be done about the current
draft SOAC. Richard Davison kept referring to the views of the many
access takers and that these views had to be taken into account.
The warning signs were there that SNH through its Access Forum were
likely to continue with the same grossly unfair tactic that it is
the majority view that matters. However, in a democracy the legitimate
interests of minorities have to be protected, and not usurped by
a self-seeking majority. There is a difference between a majority
of voters deciding on how certain public services are to be provided,
and a majority deciding that they want to use the assets of a minority
for their own gain in such a way that the livelihoods of that minority
are severely compromised.
There was a pronounced element of deja vu about
the SNH Access Forums presentation. Yet again, some 4 years
on, the then equivalent of SOAC was likened to the highway code.
True, in so far that both in themselves have no legal standing but
may be quoted in evidence in court: but seriously false with regard
to enforcement on a charge of careless driving compared to behaving
irresponsibly while taking access on farmland. Farms are dangerous
places and the consequences of not following a code (even one that
has been properly constructed) may be comparable (9),
but in the case of farms enforcement is and will continue to be
The discussion during the meeting was excellent,
with many questions and points expressing serious concern being
mainly addressed to Richard Davison. There was no doubt that Craig
Campbells performance at this meeting was well thought of.
What the NFUS needs to do is to get that message across to the rest
of its members and to the public. This particular meeting was a
good if late beginning to that essential process.
It was a concern at the meeting that the members
of the Access Forum (most of whom are access takers) simply do not
know how farms operate, especially livestock farms. During its many
years of existence the Access Forum has not seen to it that its
members have a competent understanding of how farms work. At this
late stage an elementary course of instruction is essential - a
truly remarkable situation after all this time and after bad law
has been passed with their recommendation.
Some of the main concerns expressed by NFUS members
attending the meeting
Farmers are entitled to be able to carry out
their legitimate farming businesses without undue interference from
others who wish to use the assets of farms for their own purposes.
Farmers must not be placed in a situation, resulting from conflicting
external pressures, whereby they cannot properly comply with legislation
that was in effect before the Land Reform (Scotland) Act was created
and with future directives that no doubt will come from Brussels.
Furthermore, the farmer must not be placed in a situation whereby
there is conflict between the recommendations of the SOAC and the
various quality assurance schemes that exist.
The statement by the then Justice Minister, Jim
Wallace, that good land managers have nothing to fear from
Land Reform must be honoured. It does not appear to be the
case. But then he has now quickly stepped aside to become Minister
for Enterprise, so he wont be in the direct firing line for not
keeping his word and being so obviously insincere.
It was stressed at the Perth meeting that the
anticipated increased number of access must not place additional
burdens on farm staff - who have already been reduced to the bare
minimum, on account of the lack of profitability of farms and the
shortage of experienced staff that are now available for such employment.
Threat of vandalism
It is well recognised that there is, and will
continue to be, a significant minority of the public who will not
listen to advice from SNH or anyone else as to what constitutes
responsible behaviour. There is no effective method of controlling
such persons, whether it be local access forums, the police or attempts
at peer pressure. Such is the magnitude of this problem that many
farmers fear for major vandalism should they try to tackle such
miscreants. There is concern that the draft SOAC facilitates access
to virtually anywhere on the farm day and night. SNH on drawing
up the code did not seem to be interested in meeting their responsibilities
arising from their facilitating increased crime on farms.
Education of the public
SNH has not even started an adult education programme
on access to farmland. Indeed it has been shown that some of the
rangers employed by Councils to guide people on tours are seriously
ignorant of livestock management. The time required to educate the
public on rural matters is years, decades or indeed a generation.
So far SNH has done virtually nothing in relation to educating adults
regarding responsible behaviour in the countryside, while the urban/rural
What we are heading for is the public being given
legal rights to access to the countryside (probably next Spring)
with no effective education in place and no realistic method of
enforcement. A stack of leaflets and an advert or two on prime-time
TV will not be enough.
SNH through their advice to government stand charged
of raising the expectations of the public while down-playing the
problems that will inevitably arise as a consequence.
Paths designed for walkers may not be suitable
for bikers or horses
Misuse of paths (that can apparently only be restricted
in their use by appealing to the local council after damage has
happened) will lead to their severe damage. The public will then
simply intrude further into hitherto productive farmland, thereby
creating new paths and so on its goes. Not only that but it would
be a very quick way of losing much of the amenity that currently
exists and which is currently available for public access.
Livestock Farms: gates, fences and grass.
The draft SOAC shows a serious lack of understanding
of livestock behaviour, what fences and gates are for and why they
are constructed and secured the way they are. The very real problem
of gates being left open even once, or fences damaged, on a livestock
farm operating a closed system is not appreciated by
the Access Forum. If cattle are not kept strictly where they should
be the breeding system for the farm can be very seriously disrupted
with major financial consequences resulting from loss of pedigree
credibility and status, and the loss of control over breeding the
farms own pedigree and commercial replacements. That is what
running a closed herd system is all about. That is why running risks
consequent upon encouraging totally unknown persons to come onto
livestock farms and expect all such persons to behave responsibly
is frankly absurd.
Apparently the Access Forum in its keenness to
promote open access to farms next urban settlements, did not take
the trouble to understand why gates may be securely fastened, with
a padlock if necessary. Cattle have the habit of rubbing on gates
and fences. When they rub at a gate bolt that bolt is likely to
come loose unless there is a device to prevent it from doing so.
Time and again it can be seen that the public on encountering such
a gate either do not take the trouble to understand the simple cattle-proof
mechanism; they then tend to regard it as an obstruction and proceed
to destructively dismantle it and leave the gate insecure. There
is no other type of business enterprise that would tolerate such
a lack in the basic security of its assets.
Gates also need to be secure because a bull can
weigh in the order of a tonne and a suckler cow some 3/4 of a tonne.
Gates can get some rough treatment from such beasts during handling,
such as shedding (separating off one or more of them from the herd
for management purposes). It is not reasonable for gates on a livestock
farm to be kept as though the place was a public park in a city
or some rural tourist attraction paid for by the National Trust
for Scotland or similar organisation. Where there is an agreed right
of way a style or kissing gate will be provided, but asking for
public access through gates on a livestock farm in areas where no
such agreed access exists is to be unreasonable and thoughtless.
It should not be recommended in the SOAC that
gates, fences and dykes can be climbed over. These structures are
not primarily designed to be climbed over and can be damaged by
such an act, especially dykes. As already mentioned these structures
have an essential function on livestock farms and their maintenance
is expensive and time consuming.
The draft SOAC recommends that barbed wire and
electric fences should not be used next to paths. On a livestock
farm barbed wire and electric fences are used to keep cattle off
the fence. No fence can tolerate a one tonne bull, or indeed the
slightly smaller members of its harem (possibly some 30 of them),
leaning against it or stretching over it to graze on the other side
of it. How come that after years of debate the Access Forum apparently
has not been able to appreciate such basic facts?
It is insufficiently appreciated by the Access
Forum that grass on a livestock farm is its most precious asset.
Nor is it appreciated that different types of grass vary in their
vulnerability to damage by access takers. Or that different weather
conditions can severely affect the vulnerability of grass to damage
by access takers - thus grass in sodden soil is highly vulnerable.
Much of the grassland of Scotland is sodden wet from November to
April, and is one of the reasons why farmers take their stock off
vulnerable grass during these months. A group of people deciding
to have a football match on it, or to run mountain bikes over it,
or worse have a troupe of horses on it, could cause serious damage.
It is frankly unreasonable of the Access Forum to take on trust
that access takers will necessarily all behave responsibly. The
track record is that a very significant minority will not and probably
Major concerns were justifiably expressed about
the proposed right for horses to go anywhere as long as they and
their owners behaved themselves responsibly. However, there was
little evidence that responsible behaviour from horse owners could
be relied upon, but much to the contrary. Frankly it is a nonsense
that a body such as the Access Forum component of SNH could come
up with such a proposal in relation to farms next urban settlements.
It could only be based on a profound lack of knowledge of land management,
or a willful neglect of the issue.
The strong recommendation from the floor at the
meeting was that access for horses in relation to farms next urban
settlements must be limited to tracks specially prepared for the
purpose - which are very expensive to create and maintain. The recommendation
was that the must in this context must mean must
and not should.
Farm land, as part of a farm business, should
not be commandeered for the purpose by opportunistic access takers
who contribute nothing to the farm (but pose a major threat to it)
just because access takers formed the majority over access providers
on the Access Forum, the majority of whose members appear to have
been incredibly ignorant (or chose to be) over basic matters of
Although not specifically raised at the meeting,
farmers have found that horses that have lost a shoe while taking
access over farmland can cause serious problems. A horse shoe is
a substantial piece of metal as far as farm machinery is concerned
and can do major damage, incurring much expense and disruption of
operations. In some areas I am reliably informed that it has been
necessary for farmers to fit metal detectors to vulnerable equipment.
Camping and Fires
The view was expressed that the largely permissive
comments regarding camping and lighting fires that are mentioned
in the draft SOAC were unsatisfactory, posing a serious risk to
grass and other vegetation being set alight in dry weather. There
is also the problem of the litter campers tend to leave behind.
Furthermore, campers using farmland for free will take legitimate
business away from local campsites - even from a farmer who is attempting
to diversify into providing camping facilities (10).
Health and Safety
A number of those present spoke about their concern
for the health and safety, not only of the public taking access
but for their own staff consequent upon the increased public access
that is clearly the purpose of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act. Here
we were treated to the same old disingenuous story from Richard
Davison; there is no change in the law regarding duty of care
to be taken by the farmer while the Access Forum creates increased
risk on account of the increased number of access takers. Worse
still is the fact that the SNH Access Forum is heightening the expectations
of the public that it is safe to take access where it is clearly
not. Furthermore, the draft SOAC clearly puts the burden on farmers
(with minimal staff) to fly around putting notices up whenever they
are going to perform basic management operations - such as moving
cattle - apparently anywhere on the farm that a member of the public
might possibly go to and which might be involved in the operation.
Taking the cattle off the hill and back to the steading could involve
an awful lot of notices - the time involved would out it out of
As the draft SOAC stands, a 2 metre field margin
is to be available for general public access - horses, dogs, mountain
bikes and all. It makes a mockery of wildlife conservation. There
was concern expressed as to how this 2 metres was to be measured
- from what point - possibly resulting in much more than 2 metres
It is indeed extraordinary that SNH with its obsession
for wildlife biodiversity should be advocating such a practice.
Apparently their hierarchy of what is important changes with what
is politically convenient at the time.
Private ponds and reservoirs for farm irrigation
As the draft SOAC stands any inland waterways
are to be open for public access. This makes a nonsense of wildlife
conservation schemes, and of farm irrigation programmes where a
pond has been constructed so that food crops can be watered. It
is not acceptable for persons to urinate and defeacate in such ponds,
the water from which is to be sprayed over crops for human (or indeed
It was felt that the Code was sadly lacking in
making it clear as to how dog dirt was to be removed. The current
experience is that it is all too frequently deposited on farms next
urban settlements. A national Animal Health Programme is under consideration
- recommending that dog dirt be deposited on farms is unlikely to
be part of it. Nor that it be put in plastic bags and thrown into
the river or left in some field. We are informed that the banks
of the Thames are strewn with such objects. The meeting advocated
that the Code should say that in relation to farms next to urban
settlements dog dirt should be taken home by the dogs owner
and disposed of there.
Commercial use of farmland by others
Those attending the meeting were clear that the
free use of a farms assets for the commercial advantage of
others was unacceptable. Indeed it is strange that this manifestly
unfair clause ever got introduced into the draft SOAC. The fact
that it did raises serious worries as to the basic ethics and integrity
of those involved in producing this draft SOAC and indeed the Act.
Control of the public taking access
Here Richard Davison was again as disingenuous
as ever (11). There is no effective control of
access takers, nor is there ever likely to be. That is why Craig
Campbell, with the agreement of the meeting, stated that with regard
to many clauses within the draft SOAC the world MUST has to replace
the word SHOULD.
Richard Davison up to this point had been playing
down the increase in public assess that was anticipated as the result
of the new legislation, which is anticipated to come into effect
as early as next Spring. However, he was reminded (or just possibly
informed) of what other members of SNH had been saying at the SCANET
meeting held at Battleby just along the road a few days previously.
This meeting was primarily for Local Government Council Employees
and those in the access industry. The meeting was announced to be
relevant for all those involved in access, including landowners
and farmers - but of course very few landowners or farmers were
invited. Instead it was the big sell to access takers - a very different
approach from that of Richard Davison talking to farmers. Some of
the data presented at that meeting was relayed to him - such as
the proposed 20% increase in the budget for rangers aimed for the
year 2006. Well, I understand Perth & Kinross Council has 3
rangers. That would mean we could look forward to 3.5 rangers by
the year 2006. How disingenuous can one get?
Information from the SCANET meeting that the SNH
budget for promoting public access was £700,000 in the first
year - with most of that to be spent on hugely expensive adverts
promoting access which are to be slotted in during TV soap operas.
Disingenuous Davison turned that round by saying that these adverts
were probably going to detail what responsible access was - how
can you do that in the middle of a soap opera at vast sums per second?
No, Mr Davison, it was clearly and authoritatively stated at the
SCANT meeting that the adverts will be to encourage the public to
take access. We all know that most of that increased access will
be on farms next urban settlements.
It was put to Richard Davison in discussion after
the close of formal business, that SNH was fully aware of a hard-core
of the public who were unwilling to behave responsibly. Indeed this
had been one of the topics at the SCANET conference that was chaired
by the chairman of the SNH Access Forum. Davison simply dodged the
issue. In my view that constitutes behaving irresponsibly in so
far that Davison was advocating a scheme that he knows fine well
is going to cause major problems: his actions (and that of the Access
Forum that he represents) are irresponsible because of their lack
of concern as to how to control the problems his organisation was
in the business of creating
The NFUS has long been strong on the issue of
liability in relation to the Act and the SOAC, even to the possible
previous neglect of other important issues that I have tried to
describe above. Nevertheless, liability issues can be regarded as
key to what the balance of responsibility is between access taker
and access provider when problems inevitably arise. Disingenuous
Davison tries to avoid the issue by saying that the courts, or some
yet unestablished theoretical ombudsman, will decide. But the court
or the ombudsman must know what the guidance is supposed to be -
they are not supposed to make it up on the hoof as it were. That
was what all these years of Access Forum debate was supposed to
be all about.
Reading the draft SOAC it would appear that preference
is given to the access taker rather than to farm livestock, especially
where rights of way exist. These rights of way have been previously
established through good will and trust in relation to local communities
that were highly familiar with rural matters and to enable the local
people to go to work, church, school, social meetings or whatever.
It could be claimed with some justification that
the previous arrangement that worked admirably is being abused.
The local rural community is now urbanised and there are much more
convenient ways of getting from A to B for most purposes than using
rights of ways. Rights of ways are now largely used for recreation,
but those using them have not kept up with an understanding of the
needs of the farm on whose ground many of these rights of way exist.
The trust gets broken. A Land Reform (Scotland) Act comes in to
enforce largely unfettered access, with so far no tangible attempt
at safeguarding the legitimate needs of the farm.
So if the tragic accident that happened in Cumbria
(9) had occurred in Scotland with the present Land
Reform (Scotland) Act in place with the present SOAC, how would
the liability be apportioned?
According to the Code the lady should not have
been walking her dog in a field with cattle plus calves. But then
she may not have been aware when she started that there were cattle
with calves in that field. Furthermore I understand the Code to
say that farmers should keep cattle away from fields where there
are rights of way, but how can he do that when the fields are an
essential part of his enterprise that he has operated for years?
Previously the locals would know by simple bush telegraph that Bob
has got his cows and calves in whatever field. Not so today, when
the farmhouse has been converted into an expensive dwelling for
successful urban commuters.
It is truly regrettable that the Access Forum
or the law makers have not been able to come up with clear examples
of just what the share of liability is between access taker and
access provider in relation to situations that can be confidently
anticipated will occur.
NFUS is to be congratulated for making their stance
much clearer than members had previously understood. Hopefully that
stance - and preferably the whole of Craig Campbells presentation
- will appear on the NFUS website. What the NFUS did say was that
they would like comments from members into NFUS HQ by 12th June.
The NFUS will then draw up their formal response to SNH and put
it on their website before the deadline of 30th June.
There must be some concern, however, that Craig
Campbell, who is one of the two persons negotiating on behalf of
the NFUS, has I believe no significant experience in farming. By
way of introducing himself to the Perth gathering of NFU members,
he stated that his own interest was as an access taker, but that
he would write whatever his chairman told him to.
In deciding where to compromise and where to stay
firm, and to get the points across in the context of a consortium
of self-interested bodies such as the Access Forum, needs the conviction
of someone committed to the subject and with some fire in his belly.
One got the impression that just maybe our NFUS negotiator was more
interested in access-taking than arguing the points for farming.
It is my belief that the same could be said for those who represent
the SLF on the Access Forum (12) The subject is
far too important for that, but it may account for the fact that
farmers next urban settlements have come off very badly in this
final, or possibly penultimate draft SOAC.
There must be major concerns as to the conduct
of SNHs Access Forum - past, present and future.
The stance expressed again by the secretary to
the Access Forum at this meeting is nothing short of alarming in
its unfairness and abuse of so-called democracy. Richard Davison,
persists with the fallacy that democracy means on all occasions
it is the will of the majority that matters, no matter how it affects
a minority who are set to be deliberately disadvantaged. That is
neither justice nor democracy. It simply reflects the unscrupulous
pursuit of a political dogma that SNH has no business in conducting
SNH should be there as an impartial advisory body,
properly balancing the desire for open access on the one hand with
the consequences which that would impose on the minority who are
the access providers. It should not be simply a matter of who has
the biggest shout. It should be based on a properly informed debate
involving a body of people who are appropriately trained and who
have a competent track record on a wide range of land management
issues, Sadly, after many years of being responsible for the subject
of access, SNH has simply not delivered credible advice to the Scottish
Parliament regarding the Land Reform (Scotland) Act: nor has it
provided credible advice regarding the draft SOAC.
Frankly, at this late stage it is simply not good
enough that SNH (through its Access Forum) should still be displaying
an appalling lack of basic knowledge as to how farms work. SNH were
not created simply to be political puppets, but to advise on how
best to look after Scotlands natural heritage - much of which
is based on farming.
Jack McConnell, recently reinstated as First Minister
for Scotlands second Parliament, stressed that it is important
for the Government to restore trust. He could start with the governments
© Teviot Scientific Consultancy
1. Scottish Outdoor Access Code.
SNH Publishes Consultation Document - 27 March 2003
(Filed 27 March 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
2. Land Reform (Scotland) Act
3. Irvine, James (2003). Scottish
Parliament Election Result.
(Filed 5 May 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
4. Draft Scottish Outdoor Access
Code: Comments on the SNH Consultation Document,
(Filed 20 May 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
click here to
5. Irvine, James (2003). Conservation
and the Misuse of Science. Hedgehogs, Bats and Badgers.
(Filed 15 April 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
6. Is SNH a Good Land Manager?
Duich Moss, Islay.
(Filed 9 May 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
7. SNH hedgehog farce degenerates
into expensive grotesque.
(Filed 21 May 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
8. Mitchell, Ian (2002). Scientific
Objection to the Designation of the Sound of Barra as a possible
Special Area of Conservation. LandCare Scotland, Vol. 2, pp. 3-49.
9. Woman in coma following an
attack by beef cows.
(Filed 22 May 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
10. Williamson, Jamie (2003).
Notes from talk given at Connecting Commuinities Conference, 8th
April 2003. (Download
11. Irvine, James (2001). SNH
Conference September 2000: Enjoyment and Understanding of the Natural
Heritage: Finding the new Balance between Rights and Responsibilities.
LandCare Scotland, Vol. 1, pp. 25-32.
(Reproduced, with update, on Land-Care,
22 January 2003, click
here to view).
12. Arbuckle, Andrew (2003).
SLF accused of lack of fight over access. The Courier, Friday 25
(Filed 25 April 2003, www.land-care.org.uk,
here to view).
13. Irvine, James (2003). Scottish
Natural Heritage's Policy on Access: Is it being mis-sold in relation
to enclosed farmland next to urban communitites? A report of the
press conference held by SNH at the Royal Highland Show, Ingliston,
Edinburgh, June 2000. LandCare Scotland, Vol. 1, pp. 12-23.
(Reproduced, with permission, on Land-Care,
7 January 2003, click
here to view).